Newcastle-under-Lyme has old rock houses that people used to live in, the Beech Caves near Tittensor. Seemingly they’re just being left to the local yobs and vandals. Why aren’t they being restored and turned into a hobbit-y tourist attraction?
North Staffordshire Naturalists’ Field Club, Annual Report, 1878. Sectional Reports : Geology, report on field trip to the “New Red Sandstone quarry, at Beech” and vicinity. “Not far from Beech inhabited cottages, cut in the living rock, were observed.”