Entering the Public Domain on 1st January 2016, by hitting the ’70 years after death’ limit on copyright in the UK and Europe:
It’s a fairly good year for English fantasy…
* Charles Williams, a prolific writer now best known as part of the circle around C.S. Lewis and J.R.R Tolkien. Wrote a string of mystical English adult novels in which the numinous or uncanny enters the ordinary English world. Non-fiction books include learned studies of The English Poetic Mind and Witchcraft.
* Maurice Baring, a wide-ranging British author. He also produced occasional stories of delicate fantasy, macabre travel-adventure, some supernatural fiction, and at least one book of children’s fairy-stories. Should anyone be considering running off a modern volume of his more fantastical stories, note that he also wrote an introduction to a 1949 one-volume Bodley Press edition of Saki which discussed Saki’s “vein of macabre, supernatural fantasy”.
* David Lindsay, the Scottish science-fiction and fantastical novelist, now best known for the early sci-fi novel A Voyage to Arcturus (1920).
* E. R. Eddison, known for the influential 1932 pre-Tolkien fantasy novel The Worm Ouroboros, along with his adaptations of the Norse sagas.
American pulp culture is represented by:
* Achmed Abdullah, a popular pulp-era mystery/adventure writer. Now best known among movie history buffs, for his novelisation of the major movie The Thief of Bagdad (1924) and his Academy Award nomination for The Lives of a Bengal Lancer (1935).
* Malcolm Jameson, Golden Age pulp sci-fi writer for adolescents. Little read today but quite possibly the inventor of the ‘time loop’ sci-fi genre plot, now so popular in contemporary movies. His John Bullard of the Space Patrol series was immensely popular during the Second World War, and Bullard was said to have been the first sci-fi genre character to successfully gain mass recognition in America.
London low-life is well covered, and by those who grew up amid it all:
* Thomas Burke, recorder of low life in the East End and the Limehouse in London. First in Nights in Town: A London Autobiography (1915), then in melodramatic stories a year later in his Limehouse Nights (1916) and later books.
* Arthur Morrison, another author writing “unflinching” realist novels of slum life in the East End of London, including Tales of the Mean Streets and A Child of the Jago. He was later an author of detective stories, featuring the mild-mannered Sherlock-alike character Martin Hewitt in Martin Hewitt, investigator (followed by more Hewitt book collections, Chronicles of, Adventures of, and The Red Triangle). Morrison apparently rose from a childhood in the London slums to become an incredibly wealthy collector of Japanese art.
I also spotted a few artists with a 1945 death date…
* The great American illustrator N. C. Wyeth, creator of some especially vibrant pirate, Arthurian, and wild-western genre illustrations, among many other types of illustration.
* Kathe Kollwitz, a German expressionist artist specialising in intimate views of human suffering.
* Ludwig von Hofmann, Berlin Secessionist and German expressionist artist of light and scale. Became known in America via his huge murals for the Chicago and Saint Louis World’s Fairs.